Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability in congested cities. It is based on dedicated road lanes that cannot be used by vehicles other than large buses operated by BRT companies. BRT involves building new roads, interchanges, terminals and modern stations along the routes.
All over the world, cities like Nairobi, Dakar and Abidjan are encouraged by the World Bank and national governments to adopt BRT. They believe that BRT will ease congestion, increase efficiency, and reduce air pollution.
The ITF works with transport unions in target cities to strengthen the voice of workers in the development of BRT systems and to negotiate the transition from informal to formal work. As part of this work the ITF has produced the guides and reports below.
The report was carried out by the Laboratory of Human Geography (LABOGEHU) at Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal and the Global Labour Institute (GLI) in Manchester, UK. It highlights the difficult working conditions and major issues faced by workers, including job insecurity, long hours, low pay, sexual harassment, police harassment and lack of facilities. It also looks the impact the new BRT system will have on the current workforce and provides an estimate of the number of livelihoods that may be at risk.
This guide was commissioned from the Global Labour Institute (GLI) by the ITF. It develops policy options for transport unions to consider when planning negotiations with agencies on the introduction of BRT and formalisation of the informal transport industry. It is designed for ITF-affiliated transport unions in Africa and Asia (where BRT is rapidly expanding), but may be of value to all trade unions organising in urban transport.
This report assesses the potential impact of the introduction of BRT on the workforce of Nairobi’s informal public transport (‘matatu’) industry, and seeks to encourage the active engagement of matatu workers’ representatives in shaping a modern, accessible, efficient and environmentally sustainable transport system for the city. As far as we are aware, this remains the only assessment of the impact of BRT on employment in Nairobi, or any other city in Africa.
The ITF produced the booklets at the link above for three affiliated transport unions that are working to inform public transport workers in the informal sector about the BRT project in the city.
An educational booklet for trade unions on organising informal workers in the passenger transport industry. Informal public transport workers are potentially the most severely impacted group by the introduction of BRT.