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The International Bargaining Forum concludes negotiations, recognising seafarers’ Covid sacrifice

news Press Release

The ITF and JNG met from 1-3 September 2021 for important negotiations on wage increase and other cost elements. Due to the pandemic, the social partnership had agreed to defer the start of the negotiations for the period 2021-2022, initially scheduled for March 2020.

The negotiations were particularly challenging due to the profit variations in the industry, as well as the increased operational costs due to the pandemic.  However, both parties acknowledged the need to recognise the sacrifices that seafarers have made during the pandemic, continuing to keep global trade moving whilst unable to return home following the expiry of their contracts, and receiving no wage increase in 2021.

The negotiations were successfully concluded with the following agreement:

  • An increase on wages and compensations of 3% from 1 January 2022
  • An increase on wages and compensations of 1.5% from 1 January 2023
  • An increase in JNG members’ rebate from the ITF Welfare Fund to 20% to contribute to the IBF Seafarers Support Fund

Prior to the negotiations the social partners have had a period of exceptionally close cooperation, with both sides being deeply frustrated by the treatment of seafarers during the Covid-19 pandemic by the world’s governments. Blocked from accessing crew change to go home at the end of contracts, and even barred from many countries’ hospitals; labour and employer groups have been engaged in joint efforts to ensure seafarers’ rights are restored.

ITF Seafarers’ Section Chair Mr David Heindel was the ITF spokesperson and chaired the talks.

“From the initial risk the pandemic posed to seafarers, to the ongoing challenge of seafarers sometimes being denied emergency medical treatment by port states, to the global scandal that is the crew change crisis: through the last 18 months seafarers have shown exceptional professionalism and commitment. Therefore, we are proud we have managed to deliver increases to seafarers’ income.  Their daily sacrifices to keep supply chains moving, delivering the goods critical to our recovery to billions of consumers and businesses is recognised,” said Heindel.

Spokesperson for the Joint Negotiating Group of maritime employers (JNG), Captain Belal Ahmed echoed Mr Heindel’s message that the industry was thanking seafarers in very real terms.

“Employers in the maritime industry, the shipowners, the management agents: the difficult and stormy waters of this pandemic have brought us closer to the crew. We see the sacrifices they have made, and, where within our means as businesses committed to being around in the future: we have endeavoured to recognise the seafarers’ efforts.”

Also from the employers’ side of the table, Chairman of JNG and IMMAJ Mr Toshihito Inoue added that: “The pay agreement locks in stability in the seafarer wage market going forward, allowing employers to better weather the volatilities in demand being experienced in various shipping markets since 2020”.

ITF President and Dockers’ Section chair Mr Paddy Crumlin, who participated in the negotiations in his capacity as co-chair of the ITF’s Fair Practices Committee, welcomed the deal.

“This is an important outcome not only for seafarers, but all maritime workers, as it shows commitment from reputable employers to the continued global collective bargaining process that is essential for the global supply chain. Multinationals in other sectors should strive to ensure proper framework agreements for their direct and indirect employees in their global supply chain,” said Crumlin.

The International Bargaining Forum (IBF) Framework Agreement between the ITF and the Joint Negotiating Group (JNG) sets the terms, conditions and pay for the world’s international seafarers working aboard vessels flying the flag of an open register designated as flag of convenience by the ITF.





About the IBF:


  • The IBF was established in 2003 as a mechanism for collective bargaining between maritime employers and unions to agree the wages and conditions of seafarers working aboard vessels flying the flag of an open register designated as flag of convenience by the ITF. With more than 9,200 vessels expected to be covered by the deal struck this week, the ITF-JNG IBF is the largest private sector collective pay agreement in the world.
  • The IBF negotiations include both central negotiations and local negotiations which allow for development of core principles which can then be incorporated into specific local arrangements. This unique approach to pay negotiations is the only example of international collective bargaining.
  • The IBF Seafarers’ Support Fund was created exclusively to support the welfare of seafarers aboard vessels covered by IBF agreements.


About the ITF: 

The International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) is a democratic, affiliate-led federation recognised as the world’s leading transport authority. We fight passionately to improve working lives; connecting trade unions from 147 countries to secure rights, equality and justice for their members. We are the voice for nearly 20 million working women and men in the transport industry across the world.


About the JNG:

The Joint Negotiating Group (JNG) allows for the coordination of the views of employers from across the world in the maritime industry. The JNG today consists of the International Maritime Employers' Council (IMEC), the International Mariners Management Association of Japan (IMMAJ), the Korean Shipowners Association (KSA) and Taiwan-based company Evergreen.