ITF Due Diligence Model
ITF is working with its affiliates to develop structures and strategies for shifting power from capital to workers.
ITF believes that those at the top of the supply chain, the ‘Economic Employer’ have a duty of care to ensure their supply chains are free of exploitation and abuse.
ITF has created a due diligence model for adopting standards that can be enforced and monitored by workers and trade unions on the ground.
ITF is working with its Economic Employer Sub-Committee to disseminate the model.
For enterprises, due diligence should identify, prevent, mitigate and account for how to address human rights, labour and environmental impacts in their own operations, supply chains and business relationships.
The Road Transport Due Diligence model (hereafter the ‘Model’) is a due diligence framework built on cooperation between trade unions and enterprises with significant multinational supply chains.
The Model principally concerns road haulage and logistics operations and is based on the experiences and success of worker-led field investigations and research.
The Model recognises that participating enterprises’ may have their own transport policies, auditing processes and methods of remediation. The Model seeks to enhance enterprises’ due diligence capacity.
Fundamentally, it is based upon workers and unions monitoring the compliance of transport suppliers to a set of standards agreed with the enterprise of the supply chain concerned.2
Where non-compliance is identified, pre-agreed remedial measures should be carried out by the transport supplier in consultation with the respective enterprise and unions.
The Model for enhanced due diligence in road transport and logistics has three components. All three components must function for the Model to be properly exercised:
- Minimum standards in place with operational guidelines that have been agreed between participating enterprises and the union, and are properly reflected in tendering policies and processes;
- Monitoring and reporting overseen by workers, in accordance with the Model, in addition to other monitoring and reporting tools that the participating enterprise may already have in place;
- Remediation that addresses the root causes of non-compliance and reforms non-compliant transport suppliers through a series of pre-agreed remedial measures that are escalated appropriately by the respective enterprise and transport supplier and union.
United Nations Guiding Principles (UNGPs) provide an authoritative framework for due diligence in the transportation supply chain. The UNGPs are integrated into the revised ‘International Labor Organization (ILO) Tripartite declaration concerning multinational enterprises and social policy’ (ILO MNE Declaration). These instruments require businesses to, “prevent or mitigate” adverse human rights in their supply chain, “even if they have not contributed to the impacts.” 3
1 OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Response Business Conduct, 2018
2 For the purpose of this Model, ‘enterprise’ refers to the company at the ‘top’ of a supply chain that outsources and Subcontracts its distribution and transport operations..
3 ‘Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy’, International Labour Organisation (ILO), 1977 (5th edition, as revised 2017)