Work without guaranteed hours or benefits, such as healthcare and pensions, is becoming increasingly widespread.
It’s referred to as precarious, informal, casual, irregular, short-term, temporary, seasonal, freelance, self-employment, subcontracted or cash-in-hand – but whatever you call it, workers often lose out.
Disposable work for disposable transport workers
For some, informal work is a choice, but for most, especially young people, migrants and women, it simply means less pay, lower safety standards and positions that can be terminated without notice.
Precarious workers in road and urban transport could be:
- self-employed ‘owner drivers’
- mini-bus conductors casually employed by drivers
- people who sell refreshments or petrol at bus and taxi stations
- motorbike taxi workers
- outsourced or temporary contractors in public transport
- temporary agency workers, e.g. in call-centres and warehouses
Informal transport workers might have to change jobs regularly and accept work far away. There’s no training or career progression, nor any respect for their skilled and sometimes dangerous work – work and workers are seen as disposable.
Organising precarious workers
While we can do our best to resist the erosion of decent work, we will never win without organising those transport workers who are already in precarious and informal work.
If we don’t, companies will hire more unprotected agency workers so they can ignore rights and collective bargaining agreements.
Building new organisations, or recruiting large numbers of informal workers, sometimes with different priorities to existing union members, can be a challenge. There’s more information on the precarious work section of this website.
Read our guide: Organising precarious transport workers
It contains important questions to ask if you’re adapting your union or creating new ones, including who to work with, what demands to make and how to accommodate informal workers. Translations are available.
You can also read and post to the informal workers’ blog which contains news and even more resources about the practical aspects of research and organising, as well as information about the ITF informal workers’ project.