The two global union federations assert that despite the Thai government having taken a number of positive steps in recent years to repeal obsolete legislation and introduce new sector-specific laws, it continues to maintain a regulatory framework that allows for forced labour and human trafficking by Thai fishing vessel owners. It is also failing to ensure that systems are in place to allow the protections of the law to be enforced effectively.
There are myriad examples of forced labour within the Thai fishing industry * in a variety of formats including:
- Physical violence,
- Psychological pressure
- Deception and coercion in the recruitment process
- Retention of identity documents.
ITF general secretary Steve Cotton said: “The commercial fishing industry plays a vital part in the economy of Thailand. There is an apparent willingness from the Thai government to combat exploitation and abuse but the current, significant gaps in law and practice are leaving hundreds of thousands of fishers vulnerable to forced labour and trafficking – that's Thai nationals and a huge amount of migrant workers.”
General secretary of the ITUC Sharan Burrow said: “Slavery is embedded in global supply chains. Workers and consumers need the security and protection of the rule of law. We call upon the Thai authorities and indeed all governments to act to end slavery, and multinational companies and suppliers to take responsibility for every corner of their supply chains.”
The ITF and ITUC are calling for a total overhaul of the laws and inspection regime related to the Thai fishing industry.